Treatment in Germany and Switzerland

The symbol of perfection, mastery, prestige and innovations

The University Hospital of Heidelberg

 The University Hospital of Heidelberg is an integral part of the University of Heidelberg founded in 1386 under the patronage of Pope Urban IV. Over the past centuries, the University became one of the largest centers of academic life in Europe. Eight of its professors received the Nobel Prize; three of them got the Prize for achievements in medicine. The medical department of the University of Heidelberg has become the clinical center with excellent international fame.

 Today the University Hospital of Heidelberg is the second largest clinical center in Germany which unites 42 specialist clinics and is located in one of the most beautiful cities in the country - Heidelberg, which became a favorite place of many tourists coming to enjoy the magnificent nature and feel the breath of the past!

In the clinic of Heidelberg, you will not only improve your health due to the best professionals of Germany, but also have an excellent opportunity to get to know the history, architecture and traditions of this amazing city!


Leading hospitals of the University of Heidelberg specialize in the following fields of medicine:

  • Surgery

  • Thoracic Clinic

  • Gynecology

  • Ophthalmology

  • Pediatrics

  • Otorhinolaryngology (ear, nose, throat)

  • Dermatology (skin clinic)

  • Radiology

  • Urology

  • Neurology

  • Neurosurgery

  • Cardiology

  • Psychiatry

  • Hematology / Oncology / Rheumatology

1. Ophthalmologic Clinic of the University of Heidelberg

The Ophthalmologic Clinic of the University of Heidelberg is one of the best clinics in Germany of this profile. Equipment of the clinic meets the highest requirements of modern medicine. Combining the highest level of qualifications of medical personnel and equipment enables the successful diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases:

  • Transplantation of retina

  • Surgical treatment of childhood cataracts

  • Surgery of the retina and vitreous body

  • Implantation surgery

  • Tumor surgery

  • Brachytherapy of intraocular tumors

  • Surgery of eye muscles

  • Plastic and reconstructive surgery of lacrimal passages and palpebra

  • Laser surgery

  • Surgical treatment by means of Glaukom

2. Clinic of Hematology, Oncology and Rheumatology

 The Clinic of Hematology, Oncology and Rheumatology of the University of Heidelberg is one of the leading hospitals of scientific research in these fields of medicine not only in Germany but also in the whole world. The National Cancer Center, which has the largest stem cell bank in Germany today, was founded on the basis of the clinic.

Postoperative treatment of patients who have complicated operations of the elimination of the so-called rare small pelvic tumors is carried out here. Small pelvic tumors are tumors of the lower part of the ureter, urethra and adjacent tissues which sprout into neighboring organs and tissues (the rectum, female internal genital organs (uterus and appendages), and the bladder).

The clinic specializes in:

  • Diagnosis and treatment of the whole range of blood disorders

  • Transplantation of bone marrow, stem cells by leukemia, malignant lymphomas, Morbus Hodkin, multiple myeloma, aplastic anemia and other diseases

  • Treatment of autoimmune diseases

  • Cooperation with the German Cancer Research Center to develop new treatments for cancer

  • Carrying out of the puncture

  • Studies of bone marrow

  • Treatment of acute myelitic as well as chronic forms of leukemia, multiple myeloma, sarcoma, and lymphoma

Specialized laboratories of the clinic provide a solid basis of accurate diagnosis and successful treatment of many diseases:

  • Hematology Laboratory (bone marrow diagnosis)

  • Laboratory of immune markers (immunological tumor diagnostics)

  • Stem Cell Transplantation Laboratory

  • Molecular Genetic Laboratory

  • Molecular Biology laboratory

  • Rheumatologic Laboratory

  • Immunological cell therapy

  • CMP Laboratory (treatment of bone marrow specimen, stem cells as well as immune cells according to productive criteria)

3. Urologic Clinic of the University of Heidelberg

 The urologic clinic of the University of Heidelberg under the direction of Prof. Dr. med. Hohenfellner is one of the leading urological clinics in Europe and has a rich history of development. The first in the world operations of partial and full nephrectomy as well as the first surgical excision of cancerous prostate tumors and its radical surgical excision through the peritoneum were carried out at the clinic in the 19th century.

Remarkable discoveries were in progress also in the 20th century. So, Max Wilms (1867-1918) who led the University in the early 20th century was the first who described nephroblastoma in children (now it is officially named Wilms' tumor). Volker Friedrich (1872-1955) and Alexander von Lichtenberg (1880-1949) developed modern methods of the monitoring of urinary tract by means of the use of contrast study. Lars Rohel carried out the first in Germany kidney transplantation in 1967 in Heidelberg. In 1991, Steler and Beer carried out the first in Europe surgical excision of lymph nodes for prostate cancer by means of the laparoscopic method.

Today the clinic plays a leading role in the development and introduction of new methods of diagnosis and treatment of urologic diseases:

Cancer in males

Malignant tumors of the prostate

Professionals of various fields of medicine treat patients with malignant tumors of the prostate. This allows to find a comprehensive individual treatment based on an interdisciplinary basis. For this treatment there are all the conditions at the University Hospital of Heidelberg: highly qualified medical staff, most modern equipment and medicines.

Malignant tumors of the testicles.

Malignant tumors of the testicles were one of the most frequent causes of death of young men before. More than 90% of patients died. Today, more than 95% of patients make complete recovery thanks to improved diagnostic techniques and modern methods of surgical and chemotherapy treatment.

Tumors of the urinary tract: tumors of the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder and urethra

Even a small admixture of blood in the urine may indicate a malignant tumor of the urinary tract. A tumor of the bladder is discovered after a diagnosis in such cases most often. Superficial bladder tumors are removed by transurethral resection (TUR) followed by local chemotherapy (instillation of the drugs directly into the bladder).

Extraperitoneal tumors

Tumors of the adrenal, kidney, lymph nodes and retroperitoneal space

These tumors may have different sizes: from small diameter of several centimeters found by accident to the enormous weight of several kilograms which infiltrate (sprout) to the neighboring organs and tissues. The cooperation of specialists of various fields of oncology and the most modern equipment provides successful treatment of these patients.

Rare tumors of the small pelvis

Local recrudescence and sarcoma

Urologists treat also pelvic tumors thanks to extensive experience in the surgical treatment of tumors of the prostate and bladder. The treatment of rare tumors of the small pelvis as well as the recrudescence of tumors of other organs and tissues (e.g., the bowel and soft tissue) with budding into the bladder or prostate is an important aspect of the urological clinic. Intrasurgical radiotherapy is also used in the treatment of these tumors.

Children's Urology

Children's urology requires a special approach. Therefore, not only urologists but also children's doctors treat young patients.

Little-invasive surgery

Endoscopic surgical methods

Diagnostic and surgical methods without discission with the help of special optical equipment (endoscopes) are used restrictedly before. Today they are used vastly for the operations of the kidney, adrenal, ureter, bladder and urethra. More...

Removing calculus from the bladder and urinary channels

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), endoscopic operations

Today, treatment of patients diagnosed with stones in the urinary tract uses the most advanced technology on the principle of minimally invasive operations. Open operations are now rare. The effectiveness and safety of treatment are significantly increased through the use of flexible endoscopes in combination with laser. Most patients are treated in an outpatient or day hospital.

Diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence

Almost half of women after 50 years suffer from functional urinary incontinence in a different way. This situation among men occurs much less frequently. In each case there must be accurate diagnosis to determine the cause. Only then effective conservative or surgical treatment can be planned and carried out.

Urologic Neurosurgery

Disorders of innervation of the urinary bladder

Diseases and injuries of the central nervous system (stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal injury, etc.) or of peripheral nerves that occur for example with diabetes or polyneuropathy may lead to a disorder of the functions of the bladder.

In order to find the cause it is necessary to conduct some diagnostic activities, including the function of the kidney and ureter. The introduction of the drug XXX into the muscles of the bladder and the implantation of the so-called pacemaker of the urinary bladder is one of the most effective methods of treating such patients.

Reconstructive urology

Reconstruction of the organ function through special operational equipment

Patients who had long-traumatic tumor operations often need reconstructive plastic surgery to restore and normalize the organ functions. This refers to aesthetic plastic surgery.

Patients with developmental deformity of external genital organs (e.g., hypospadias), ureter, and kidney need plastic operations, too.

Technical equipment of the clinic meets the highest standards and is constantly being modernized so that it allows carrying out accurate diagnosis and optimal treatment of the whole range of urogenital system diseases.

  • The da Vinci surgical system equipped with computerized robotic technology for laparoscopic surgery of adrenal glands, kidneys, bladder and prostate

  • Intro-surgical radiation therapy (combination of surgical intervention and the local application of radiotherapy)

  • Neodym: YAG laser (surgery of tumors of the bladder, urethra and external genital organs)

  • The Heart Lung Machine (pump-oxygenator) is used for removing tumors of the kidneys and adrenal glands which may germinate into the inferior vena cava until the atrium in late stages

  • Argon plasma coagulation (preserving kidney surgery of tumors of the kidney and the surrounding muscle tissue)

  • Harmonious scalpel (discission and bleeding control)

  • Surgical microscopes (for reconstructive surgery)

  • Green laser (laser removal of benign hyperplasia of the prostate)

  • Holmium laser (endoscopic removal of stones)

  • Video urologic dynamics (diagnosis of urinary tract dysfunction in children and adults)

4. Thoracic Clinic of the University of Heidelberg

 The clinic is one of the leading hospitals in the world for the treatment of diseases of the lungs, mediastinum, pleura, chest wall and adjacent regions.

Close cooperation with all institutions and departments of the German Research Center of Oncology, the Hospital of Mannheim and the University Hospital of Heidelberg guarantees patient care at the highest standards of international level. The objectives of the clinic are also clinical research and further development of multidisciplinary treatment of lung cancer, surgery of lung metastases, and interventional endoscopy with the use of laser and brachytherapy.

 Daily discussions of the X-ray results, the opportunities and methods of treatment for each individual patient as well as regular participation of physicians in academic conferences of the Cancer Center of Heidelberg and other German institutions provide the high level of interdisciplinary diagnosis and treatment.

 The best care and treatment of patients based on the latest achievements of science are the primary purpose of thoracic clinic staff.

The clinic has the department of surgery, oncology, pulmonology, anaesthesiology and resuscitation, the department of endoscopy, X-ray and nuclear diagnostics, physical therapy center, center of sleep disorder detection, and a clinical laboratory.

 The Surgical Clinic of the thoracic hospital of Heidelberg holds more than 2000 operations per year and is the largest specialized department of thoracic surgery in Germany.

The range of operations includes:

  • Surgical treatment of diseases of the thoracic cavity and surrounding regions with benign and malignant tumors
  • Treatment of various defects (in adults and children)
  • Treatment of benign diseases such as pneumothorax, funnel chest, pleurisy, trachea diseases

The surgical department has a number of surgical rooms equipped with the latest technology, so it provides to carry out several synchronous operations, each of which is carried out by a highly skilled team of professionals.

 A lead department in Europe for the treatment of cancer patients was founded through close collaboration with national and international cancer institutions.

The oncological department works closely with all departments of the Thoracic Clinic. This close cooperation provides an individual approach in each case. The oncological department specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all benign and malignant chest tumors:

  • Bronchial carcinoma

  • Mesothelioma

  • Mediastinal tumors

  • Lung metastases

The department has the newest knowledge of chemotherapy and support treatment and uses it in outpatient and inpatient treatment of patients. Mono-, combined and multimodal treatment is possible depending on the disease form.


The pulmonology department specializes in non-invasive artificial respiration with respiratory disturbance, detection and treatment of respiratory functions associated with sleep disorders as well as in diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the respiratory tract, lung emphysema, mucoviscidosis, fibrosing alveolitis and pulmonic hypertension. Patients with malignant diseases of the lungs and pleura are served in close interdisciplinary cooperation of the departments of oncology and thoracic surgery.

Infectious lung diseases such as tuberculosis are less than 5% of the total number of patients and treated in a specialized, isolated department.

The excellent equipped cardiopulmonary diagnosis laboratory allows measuring the functional status of patients very accurately. This provides differentiated diagnosis in addition to bronchoscopic research.


The Thoracic Clinic of Heidelberg has an interdisciplinary section of endoscopy. About 5 000 examinations per year are carried out and documented digitally in the unit of four physician's offices equipped with modern technology.

Endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the respiratory system without opening the chest are among the priorities. Prostheses (stents) for respiratory passages that help to eliminate the risk of suffocation while threatening obturation are developed here, too.

Malignant tumors of respiratory organs in their earliest stage can be treated by means of today's discovery and application of laser therapy and internal radiation. Early detection methods are developed and introduced in cooperation with the various centers.

The Endoscopic Department of the Hospital of Heidelberg has a worldwide fame and finds regular acceptance in international research activities. For example, the Endoscopy department was presented as a model for the future on the occasion of the live broadcast from the Endoscopy department of Thoracic Clinic at the World Bronchoscopy Congress in 2000 in Yokohama.

Clinical laboratory

The Department of clinical chemistry and bacteriology provides all hospital departments, outpatient department and the department of functional diagnostics with the results of laboratory research.

The laboratory offers examinations in areas such as clinical chemistry, haematology, diagnosis of blood coagulability, serology of blood transfusion, tumor diagnostics, immunology, infectious serology, hormone analysis, allergology, urine and feces analysis, bacteriology (examination of pathogenic activators, determination of antibacterial susceptibility) as well as emergency diagnosis.