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Uterine fibroid

Uterine fibroidis a benign tumor originating from the muscular tissues. Fibroid consists of one or numerous round lesions of different size. Depending on the lesion size, they can be divided into large and small. When studying them under the microscope, one can notice that the tumor lesions consist of the interlaced smooth muscle fascicles surrounded by the connective tissue that grows with the course of time and the tumor gets cruder. About 28-30% of women suffer uterine fibroid when they reach the age of 35-50.

The disease development is characterized with prolonged and heavy periods causing secondary anemia. Quick tumor growth, anemia and menopause bleeding are the symptoms of fibroid degeneration and canceration.

Disease causes

We can specify the following most probable uterine fibroid causes:

  • Hormonal factors: it is widely accepted, that female sex hormones (estrogens and progesterone) that are responsible for preparing the endometrium for pregnancy favor the fibroid growth as fibroid cells contain much more receptors than other uterus cells;
  • Genetic disorders: caused by genetic mutation in the studied fibroid cells;
  • Other substances: the substances participating in the metabolic processes.

Risk factors

There are several uterine fibroid formation risk factors:

  • Hereditary background: if you mother or grandmother suffered fibroid there’s a great disease risk for you;
  • Woman’s reproductive age;
  • Race: researches prove that the fibroid development risk for black women is much higher than for the others. Fibroid develop in the earlier age and are bigger for those women;
  • Obesity: some studies prove that obese women have a greater fibroid risk than the thinner ones.

Common preventive methods

  • Pregnancy: it is accepted that pregnancy and the following childbirth are protective factors preventing the uterine fibroid development;
  • Oral contraceptives: it is supposed that the uterine fibroid development risk is much lower for the women who take such medicines.

Symptoms

The uterine fibroid symptoms are as follows:heavy and long-lasting periods (over a week), pelvic pains or abdominal heaviness, frequent or difficult urination, constipations, leg pains or backaches.

Fibroid sometimes gets so large that its internal blood circulation is insufficient: that may cause acute pain. Besides, if the fibroid has the stem-like base, it can twist around and also cause acute pain.

You should apply for a doctor’s advice if you find the following symptoms:

  • Long-time heavy menstrual bleeding;
  • Permanent pelvic pain;
  • Bleedings between the periods;
  • Difficult defecation or urination;
  • Painful intercourse.

Complications:

  • Infertility;
  • Chronic anemia (due to heavy bleeding);
  • Misbirth;
  • Fibroid canceration or uterine sarcoma.

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