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Endometriosis

Endometriosisis a pathologic process when the tissue that is similar to endometrium in its functions and structure (the inner uterine membrane that is exfoliated during menstruation) flourish outside the uterine cavity in other internals. Endometriosisproliferations undergo the cyclic monthly changes and then gain the ability to penetrate into the surrounding tissues and form massive adhesions. Every month, the uterine tissue oocytes are ready for the fetus attachment and exfoliated if they aren’t fertilized. But it may happen so that endometrium gets back to the uterine tubes with the blood circulation and starts growing. This situation launches endometriosis process. Women of reproductive age and women that regularly experience stress often suffer this disease.

Risk factors

The following factors influence the endometriosis development:

  • Thyroid diseases;
  • Overweight;
  • Hormone imbalance;
  • Menstrual disorders;
  • Open uterine cavity surgery;
  • Alcohol, coffee and tobacco abuse;
  • Abortion or problem delivery;
  • Genetic predisposition;
  • Genital inflammations;
  • Often endometrial manipulations (both surgical and diagnostic).

Endometriosis symptoms

Dysmenorrhea of different severity is the main clinical symptom of endometriosis. The patient suffers pain during menstrual bleeding, the growing number of lesions and organs affected by endometriosis. Then the pain relieves and the number of lesions reduces. But the uterus may get bigger and uterine bleeding may start.

Endometriosis sometimes proceeds without any symptoms. Still, the doctors can detect the following symptoms:

  • Pre-menstrual pains;
  • Painful intercourse;
  • Urination and defecation pains;
  • Spotting between periods;
  • Menstrual disorder;
  • Infertility.

Endometriosis is usually characterized with pains that get worse before and during the periods. Acute pain may cause erroneous diagnosis like appendicitis or ectopic pregnancy. Correct endometriosis diagnostics is the first step to successful treatment.

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