Treatment in Germany and Switzerland

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In this section you will learn about some types of therapy in Germany. Here we put the following fields of medicine as cardiology, cardiosurgery, orthopedics, general surgery, vascular surgery, gynecology, urology, and maternity in Germany.

Scoliosis surgery

The first operation for the vertebral treatment was performed a century ago. Various surgical vertebral deformation correction methods based on different principles were developed during this time.

Shoulder arthrosis, acromioclavicular joint disorders

Different shoulder injuries affect the acromioclavicular joint. Falling down is considered the most common reason. The ligament structure damage severity depends on the impact force. The full ligament tear results into the acromioclavicular joint destruction and clavicle deformation. In case of severe joint deformation it is surgically fixed. This operation is extremely important for the younger people that do some manual work or who are professional athletes. The surgery allows to avoid the future disease recurrence and complications.

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a vertebral deformity characterized with its frontal curvature. This is one of the most widespread orthopedic disorders that may be caused by congenital defects, muscle injuries, post-traumatic neuropathy and other diseases. The causes can’t be detected in 85% of cases. Such idiopathic form is especially significant for children and teenagers. As this pathology has no significant symptoms, the parents detect scoliosis entirely by accident.

The further spinal curvature can result into the intervertebral disk wear, thus, the elderly patients often suffer acute backaches. That pathology can bring about pathologic body shortening and abnormal abdominal viscera displacement (heart, lungs, kidneys, stomach and intestine). As a rule, the lateral spinal curvature is detected during physical examination. The X-ray can confirm this diagnosis.

The treatment program usually depends on the disease cause, the patient’s age and deformity rate. Remedial gymnastics is usually recommended at the earlier stage. Then the spinal brace is prescribed. The surgery is required for clearly defined scoliosis. Favorable prognosis is given for timely therapy.

Shoulder dislocation, surgery

As a rule, shoulder dislocation is the result of an accident (traumatic dislocations are quite often) or the body special features like weak tendons (habitual dislocations are seldom enough). The joint is stabilized by arthroscopy and minimally invasive operation. The torn tendons and ligaments are fixed and the joint capsule is reconstructed.

Knee joint replacement for Gonarthrosis

Gonarthrosis (osteoarthrosis) is one of the most widely spread knee joint diseases caused by the leg axis deformations, traumas, rheumatism or metabolic disorders.

Cartilage layer damages cause the joint limited excursion and deformation. The disease is accompanied by bone spurs formation (osteophytes) that are sometimes visualized and inflammations.

Knee joint meniscus, treatment, surgery

Meniscusis a cartilage pad between the hip and ship bone surfaces. The meniscus functions are rather various.

It bears about 30-70% of the total human weight load and the load gets bigger by 2.5-6 after meniscopathy. It adds stability, reduces the cartilage friction and load and amortizes the motions.

Radiotherapy for cervical cancer

Radiotherapy may be prescribed at any disease stage. It is used instead of the surgical method at the earlier stages. RT is also prescribed before and after the operation to remove the single remaining cancerous cells. If cancer spreads outside the cervix then radiotherapy is combined with chemotherapy.

RT affects the cancerous cells with ionizing radiation in the area the beam is aimed at.

There are two RT types. Both of them are sometimes prescribed for the patients.

Cervical cancer surgery

The surgery is applied for Stages 1 and 2 of the cervical cancer. During the operation, the tissues that may contain cancerous cells are removed. Before the German specialists take the decision on the operation, they carry out the full medical examination to find all the specific disease symptoms and injured organs. If by the results of diagnostics the surgery is considered the most efficient therapy the scope of it will be the minimally possible to prevent the tumor spreading. The correct examination results and surgeon’s experience are the basis of successful therapy and the reason why so many patients apply to the German clinics.

Uterine fibroid diagnostics

The following tests are performed for uterine fibroid diagnostics:

  • Uterus ultrasonography: that is the easiest, the most painless and secure investigation method of fibroid diagnostics. It helps both to detect fibroid and specify its shape, size, tissue characteristics and number of lesions. It also helps to specify uterus characteristics;
  • Hysteroscopy:that’s an endoscopic uterine cavity investigation method. The doctor fixes a sterile hysteroscope (a thin tube with a lamp and a small camera at the end) into the uterine cavity to study the endometrium and its changes as well as to detect the fibroid lesions;
  • Hysterosalpingography:it’s a radiographic examination aimed at detecting all the inner uterine surface irregularities and study the patient’s uterine tubes patency;
  • Hysterosonography:it’s an ultrasonic diagnostic method when special sterile saline solution is injected into the uterine cavity. This method allows to observe the slightest myometrium changes. As a rule, hysterosonography is used for heavy and severe periods.

Cervical disk herniation

Patients suffering from cervical SD herniation often feel acute pain in their arm or hand. As a rule, the disease first appears at the age of 30-50. The hernia is caused by the cervical trauma or damage. Symptoms like arm or hand pain usually occur unexpectedly due to the cervical nerve entrapment. The patient feels acute pain shooting from the shoulder to the hand. Some patients may feel numbness and tingling in their hands and fingertips. Muscular weakness is one more cervical herniation symptom.

С5-С6 С6-С7 are the vertebral parts where the disease usually occurs. Then С4- С5 come and С7-Т1 are the vertebral parts where the problems hardly every occur. Cervical spine disks are relatively small and closely adhere to the spinal nerve. Thus, even the slightest bulging can entrap or compress the nerve and cause acute pain.