Treatment in Germany and Switzerland

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In this section you will learn about some types of therapy in Germany. Here we put the following fields of medicine as cardiology, cardiosurgery, orthopedics, general surgery, vascular surgery, gynecology, urology, and maternity in Germany.

Scoliosis diagnostics

Before you start any treatment, you must have your spinal X-ray. X-ray of separate vertebral parts is not enough to assess the curvature angle and control the disease development. The measurement error for the partial diagnostics is about 6 degrees whereas for the entire vertebral X-ray it makes about 2 degrees. To reduce the irradiation dose, the teenagers should pass X-ray examination once a year except for the brace fitting procedure as the X-ray is really necessary in this case. It is taken 2 month after you start wearing the brace. You should wear it for at least 12 hours before you pass X-ray diagnostics. The period between the X-rays for the older patients can be 5 years longer except for the cases of acute pain or quick worsening of the patient’s condition.

Cervical cancer diagnostics

First and foremost, doctors recommend to undergo regular gynecological examination. Pap test is a simple examination that helps to detect the modified cells that can develop into the malignant tumor.

Timely modified cell detection helps to prevent cancer by means of simple treatment program. The test is absolutely painless and is performed during the cervix examination (also read on vaginal cancer diagnostics). The doctor samples the material to be studied under the microscope for the cancerous cells presence. In most cases the cells detected during this examination are not cancerous. The sample is also studied for HPV-infections.

Shoulder impingement syndrome

The shoulder impingement syndrome (also called subacromial impingement, painful arc syndrome or swimmer’s shoulder) occurs due to anatomical aggregate between the capitellum, rotator cuff, acromion and acromioclavicular joint. The patient suffers pain caused by the following complications:

Uterine fibroid

Uterine fibroidis a benign tumor originating from the muscular tissues. Fibroid consists of one or numerous round lesions of different size. Depending on the lesion size, they can be divided into large and small. When studying them under the microscope, one can notice that the tumor lesions consist of the interlaced smooth muscle fascicles surrounded by the connective tissue that grows with the course of time and the tumor gets cruder. About 28-30% of women suffer uterine fibroid when they reach the age of 35-50.

The disease development is characterized with prolonged and heavy periods causing secondary anemia. Quick tumor growth, anemia and menopause bleeding are the symptoms of fibroid degeneration and canceration.

Endometriosis

Endometriosisis a pathologic process when the tissue that is similar to endometrium in its functions and structure (the inner uterine membrane that is exfoliated during menstruation) flourish outside the uterine cavity in other internals. Endometriosis proliferations undergo the cyclic monthly changes and then gain the ability to penetrate into the surrounding tissues and form massive adhesions. Every month, the uterine tissue oocytes are ready for the fetus attachment and exfoliated if they aren’t fertilized. But it may happen so that endometrium gets back to the uterine tubes with the blood circulation and starts growing. This situation launches endometriosis process. Women of reproductive age and women that regularly experience stress often suffer this disease.

Patella (kneecap) treatment

Patella is the biggest human sesamoid bone that is placed in the thigh quadriceps tendon. Patella is attached to the muscles, ligaments and tendons and slides in the V-type grove of the thighbone. That’s why any knee misbalance or development failures can cause sprains.

Lumbar disk herniation

Lumbar disk herniation is characterized with pain coming down the leg that is often called radiculopathy. Let’s analyze the cause of this pain.

With the course of time, intervertebral disks wear and hernias appear (the spine disk nucleus pulposus slipping with the fibrous ring rupture). The weak place in the outer disk layer adjusts the cerebrospinal nerve terminals, thus, the hernias in this area put pressure on the nerve that in its turn can cause sciatic nerve inflammation resulting into leg pains.

Vaginal cancer

Vaginal cancer (VC)is a malignant tumor that forms in the vagina.

The disease is quite seldom and if detected at the earlier stage its treatment in Germany, as a rule, can guarantee the full recovery. There are two basic VC types.

· Epidermoid cancer: the tumor forms in the thin and squamous pavement epithelium cells paving the vagina. The damaged cells spread slowly and hardly ever lap over it. But lungs and liver may sometimes be affected. That is the most widely spread VC type that is usually diagnosed with the women at the age of 60 or over.

· Gland tumor (adenocarcinoma): it’s a gland malignant tumor formed from the vaginal glandular tissue epithelium. The damaged cells form the fluid (like mucus) in the vagina. Adenocarcinoma affects the lungs and lymph glands more often than epidermoid cancer and is diagnosed with the women of 30 or younger.

Uterine fibroid treatment

Thoughuterine fibroidis the most widely spread female tumor, its treatment is still rather difficult. A lot of doubtful information on uterine fibroid treatment make women use inefficient treatment methods for many years and deprive them of the chance for timely organ preserving therapy.

So, how can uterine fibroid be treated? That’s really a complicated problem. There are some well-known methods allowing to cope with this widely spread disease. The diagnosed fibroidis not always the subject for active treatment. But if it’s growing, cause some discomfort or prevents pregnancy the treatment is a must.

There are both conservative and surgical methods of uterine fibroidtreatment. The method selection directly depends on the patient’s condition, the disease manifestations, lesion characteristics and lots of other factors.

Where does scoliosis come from?

The main cause of scoliotic curvature is unknown (idiopathic scoliosis). Specialists suppose that uneven back muscles and vertebrae development is the key provoking factor: one part grows faster than the other part that causes the vertebral torsion.

Idiopathic scoliosis is more often diagnosed with the girls: it usually develops before and during the pubertas period.